|Cuba's meandering Rio Cauto in the photo accompanying the Morning Star article.|
You can explore the river further on Google Maps; the city in the center of the image
is Guamo Embarcadero; east is up in the view above.
The article is correct: several decades of organic farming have led to much cleaner soil and water in Cuba. For what one must presume are ideological reasons, however, author Steve Sweeney neglects to mention the reason Cuba embarked on this experiment. The greening of Cuban agriculture was not a choice; it was simply the only option during Cuba's Special Period.
For several decades, the Soviet Union subsidized Cuba in two ways: it sold petroleum and its derivatives to Cuba very cheaply, and it paid Cuba well above market prices for its sugar and other crops.
When the USSR collapsed, the Special Period began, and Cuba -- to its credit -- got VERY creative and thrifty. There was a lot of suffering but also a lot of innovation. One example was the gathering of citizen work crews to convert freight vehicles into public buses.
|My favorite example of collaboration during the Special Period:|
citizen brigades turned lowboy trailers into public buses,
known as camels.
|This might be my first #coffeemaven photo!|
Readers may explore a region just to the east of what is show above in my 2013 Hoguín Son post, which I wrote a decade after my only (so far) visit to the island.